воскресенье, 12 августа 2018 г.

Results of measurement of the specific thrust force of the antigravitation quantum engine



ANNOTATION OF THE TEST PROTOCOL
«Results of measurement of the specific thrust force of the
antigravitation quantum engine without ejection of reactive mass.
Analysis, comparison and application
prospects
of quantum engines»
                                                 Developer: GC «Quanton»
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The control tests of the two prototypes of quantum engine without ejection of the reactive mass KvD-1-2009 (model of 2009) with horizontal thrust and anti-gravitator KvD-1 with vertical thrust, were conducted on March 3rd, 2018 by a public commission of specialists chaired and initiated by the former Minister of General Mechanical Engineering of the USSR (space branch), Hero of Socialist Labor, O.D. Baklanov.
The purpose of the tests: Carrying out the control measurements of the specific thrust of the quantum engine without throwing out the reactive mass and evaluating the prospects for its application to outer space. The public commission of experts should validate or refute the specific force of KvD-1-2009 of more than 100 N / kW, achieved in 2009.
Tests actuality: The efficiency of a rocket engine is determined by the specific thrust (or, equivalently, specific momentum), which characterizes the unit energy (fuel) consumption per unit time, expressed in terms of engine power and thrust. The specific force of the domestic liquid-fuel rocket engines (LRE) does not exceed 0.07 kg / kW (0.7 N / kW). In 2009, KvD-1-2009 developed a specific thrust of more than 100 N / kW, which is more than 100 times more efficient than the LRE.
Composition of the commission (photo):
The general photo of the participants of the tests in March 3rd, 2018 of the quantum engine KvD-1-2009 (in the center the chairman of the commission O. D. Baklanov). In the foreground is a chassis on wheels with a cable engine KvD-1-2009 inside with horizontal thrust. On the right is anti-gravitator KvD-1 with vertical thrust. 
1. Baklanov Oleg Dmitrievich, Advisor to the General Director of the SP Korolev RSC Energia, member of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Cosmonautics named after K. E. Tsiolkovsky, former Minister of General Machine Building of the USSR (space branch), Hero of Socialist Labor - Chairman of the Commission;
2. Leonov Vladimir Semenovich, scientific adviser and chief designer of GC Quanton, laureate of the Russian Government Prize in the field of science and technology, the author of the theory of Superunification, candidate of technical sciences, academician of MASI, developer of KVD;
3. Alexander Alekseevich Kubasov, S. P. Korolev RSC Energia, honored space technician, candidate of technical sciences, head of tests;
4. Sautin Mikhail Vasilyevich, member of the expert council of the State Duma Defense Committee, Lieutenant-General;
5. Davydov Sergey Vasilievich, Professor of the Bryansk State Technical University (BSTU), Doctor of Technical Sciences;
and others (see Test Protocol [1]).

Subject of tests
Two products were submitted for testing:
1.    Apparatus (chassis on wheels) with a pulsed quantum engine inside the KVD-1-2009 type of the 2009 model with horizontal thrust;
2.    Antigravitator with KVD-1 inside with vertical thrust.

The results of measurements of the specific thrust force of KvD-1-2009
The specific thrust of the quantum engine KvD-1-2009 in the horizontal direction is found to be:
11.7 kg force / kW or 115 N / kW versus 0.7 N / kW for LRE
          The specific thrust force of the antigravity in the vertical direction was significantly higher. The thrust vector of a quantum engine can vary in space in any direction.
          The measured specific thrust force KvD-1-2009 equal to 115 N / kW is 165 times higher than that of LRE (0.7 N / kW).
The tested quantum engine is more than 100 times more efficient
than the best existing LRE.
          For decades, spending huge amounts of resources, designers of LRE fight for increasing the efficiency of their engines by 1-2%, whereas efficiency of the most primitive KVD exceeds that of the LRE by 100 times. Further, the quantum engine KVD has a resource to increase its specific thrust to 1000 N / kW or more. For LREs, in contrast, potential for improvement is by now worked out, with efficiency reaching a technical limit of 0.7 N / kW.
Conclusions and proposals of the commission:
          1. The Public Commission of Specialists confirmed the results of tests of a prototype KVD-1-2009 quantum engine in 2009, measuring the thrust impulse, the power consumption and the high specific thrust force of the KvD, recorded a value of 115 N / kW (11.7 kg force / kW)
          2. In comparison with the liquid rocket engine (LRE), the specific thrust force of which does not exceed 0.7 N / kW (0.07 kg force / kW) in the best domestic samples, the specific thrust force of the KVD is found to be 115 N / kW (11.7 kg force / kW) shows that KVD is at least 100 times more efficient than LRE.
          3. The superiority of the KVD thrust force by more than 100 times in comparison with the LRE results from the refusal to use chemical fuels and its combustion processes, which create reactive thrust in the LREs. In combustion process, most of the energy is wasted through a nozzle of LRE. KVD, in contrast, is not heating the atmosphere and the cosmos.
          4. The KvD-1-2009 engine generates a force thrust impulse without releasing the reactive mass and without using chemical fuel. The power of the quantum engine is produced by electric energy, excluding the electro-reactive effect. The thrust vector of a quantum engine can vary in space in any direction.
          5. The creation of a quantum engine became possible as a result of the development by V. S. Leonov the fundamental Super-unification theory, which brings Russian science to the world leadership. The principle of the quantum engine is based on the quantum theory of gravitation (CTG) within the framework of the theory of Super-unification. Based on CTG, in the quantum engine the effect of creating artificial gravity forces (antigravity effect) is realized as a result of deformation (Einstein curvature) of quantized space-time inside the working parts of the quantum engine.
          6. The high value of the specific thrust of the quantum engine confirms the prospects for its application in the outer space, and at the same time confirms the validity of the fundamental theory of the Super-unification, in which new gravitational effects on the creation of artificial gravity forces were predicted.
          7. In the direction of creating quantum engines, NASA (USA), England, China and other countries are working. China tested in space at its orbital station a small microwave quantum engine like EmDrive with a thrust of 72 Newtons and plans to increase its thrust by 100 times. In the KvD-1-2009, the recorded thrust force is 110 ... 500 kg (1100 ... 5000 Newtons). In the development of quantum engines Russia is yet the leader.
          8. Thus, the result of the high efficiency of a quantum engine, being at least 100 higher than the LRE, is confirmed. This allows the commission to recommend quantum engines for application in new space technologies of commercial direction, reducing start-up costs by at least 100 times.
          9. It is possible to predict the development of a fundamentally new branch of non-reactive engine building (quantum engines) for space in the following standard series: small, medium and heavy series:
          9.1. KVD of small thrust (up to 100 kg of force) for correction of the satellite movement in low orbit (150 km and below), which makes it possible to create a global mobile cellular network and space Internet;
          9.2. KVD medium thrust (0.1 ... 50 tons of force) for space drones, aerospace aircraft and hybrid (KVD + LRE) vehicles;
          9.3. KVD large thrust (more than 50 tons of force) for hybrid (KVD + LRE) vehicles, heavy space platforms and new-generation interplanetary spacecraft for the colonization of the Moon and the Mars.
          10. It can be stated that the development of quantum engines opens a new era in the field of quantum space technologies.
          The protocol is signed by 10 members of the public commission under the chairmanship of O.D. Baklanov.
March 3rd, 2018,  Bryansk region, Zhukovka.
          Bibliography:
1. Leonov V. S. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pages. http://leonov-leonovstheories.blogspot.com/2018/04/download-free-leonov-v-s-quantum.html.
2. V.S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics: Theory of Superunification. Viva Books, India, 2011, 732 p. 
3. China claims to have a working version of NASA's impossible engine orbiting the Earth - and will use it in satellites 'imminently'//DAILYMAIL.COM. 20 December 2016. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4052580/China-claims-built-working-version-NASA-s-impossible-engine-says-s-orbiting-Eart.
4. Leonov V. S. Results of the tests of a quantum engine for generating thrust without the ejection of reactive mass. [1], pp. 694-689. http://theoryofsuperunification-leonov.blogspot.ru/2011/05/results-of-tests-of-quantum-engine-for.html. 
5. Video: The tests 2009 of a quantum pulsed engine for generating thrust without the ejection of reactive mass. http://theoryofsuperunification-leonov.blogspot.ru/2011/07/video-tests-2009-of-quantum-pulsed.html.
6. Leonov V. S. Fundamentals of physics of a reactive thrust and nonreactive thrust. Criticism of jet engine. http://theoryofsuperunification-leonov.blogspot.com/2018/02/blog-post.html 
7. Leonov V.S. Russian Federation patent No. 2185526. A method of generation of thrust in vacuum and a field engine for a spaceship (variants), Bull. 20, 2002
https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B1gwB1O4JZNwQ0hTMnVselhVbTg



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